Citrus or citrus fruits are evergreen shrubs or small trees that reach a height of up to 3 m and come from the Rutaceae family originating in Southeast Asia. They bloom with white flowers in the form of an inflorescence with an expressive fragrance. The fruits have an intense so-called citric smell and distinct nutritional values. So far, 33 species have been recognized within the citrus genus, and the most famous among them are sweet orange, lemon, tangerine, grapefruit, lime, bitter orange, kumquat and others.
Lemon is an evergreen tree with a lush growth. It blooms up to three times a year with white fragrant flowers from which fruits are formed. It is extremely sensitive to low temperatures (up to -6 degrees C), so it is recommended to protect it with a protective film or bring it indoors during the winter.
Varieties: Lisbon, Meyer improved
Evergreen tree, medium height. They bloom in May, with white, fragrant flowers. The fruits ripen in the first half of October. It requires slightly acidic, loose and well-drained soil in a sunny position, protected from the wind. It is sensitive to low temperatures (up to -12), so in winter it should be kept indoors or protected.
Varieties: Zorica rana, Chahara (very early)
Evergreen tree, with lush growth, blooms in May with fragrant white flowers. Juicy orange fruits ripen in November. It looks for slightly acidic, well-drained and fertile soil and a sunny position protected from the wind. It is sensitive to low temperatures (up to -8°).
Variety: Washington navel
Grapefruit is an evergreen tree with lush growth. They bloom in May. Its flowers are fragrant and white. The fruits are large, yellow, edible and ripen in November/December. It looks for slightly acidic, well-drained and fertile soil and a sunny position protected from the wind. Sensitive to low temperatures (up to -8°).
Kumquat is an evergreen tree of smaller, dwarf growth, the so-called “Golden tangerine”. They bloom in May with white flowers with a pleasant smell. The fruits are small, orange and edible with the peel, and ripen in October/November. It looks for slightly acidic, well-drained and loose soil, semi-shady position. It is sensitive to low temperatures.