Almond is a deciduous tree that grows up to 10 m in height. They bloom even before leafing, in January and February. It likes soil rich in humus, it also thrives on poor quality soil. In the dormant state, it is resistant to temperatures of -20, but only to -1 in the flowering phase. It tolerates drought very well.
It is one of the extremely adaptable fruit trees, but it gives full fruit after 15 years. The most suitable soils are deep and fertile soils, although it can be grown on soils of lower quality. Planting is recommended in autumn, it blooms in April and May, and bears fruit in September.
Varieties: Drjanski, Šejnovo, Jupiter
A chestnut tree can grow up to more than 20 m, and it has separate male and female flowers (monoecious plant). It is planted in spring or autumn, preferably in loamy soil. It blooms in May and June and bears fruit in autumn.
Varieties: Maraval, Precoce Miguele, Bouche de Betizac
A fig tree can grow up to 10 m. It is a heat-loving plant, and its resistance to cold depends on the maturity of its trunk. During rest, it can withstand temperatures up to -15 C, but not for a long time.
Varieties: Šaraguja, Petrovača bijela, Zamorčica
Rowan is a long-lived woody deciduous fruit tree. The oskoruša tree has a decorative appearance and can grow up to 20 meters or more. It is planted in autumn, blooms in April and June, and the fruit ripens in August. It gives fruit in the fourth, fifth or even tenth year. The fruit has a sweet-sour taste.
Jujube is a deciduous fruit species that belongs to the buckthorn family. A jujube or chicima tree reaches an average height of 9 m, but there is also the possibility of shaping the crown into a bush, whereby the height can be controlled. It is resistant to high temperatures, and shows the best results at an average annual temperature higher than 8 °C. The fruits ripen in September and October, when the harvest takes place. The taste of jujube fruit is specific, sweet and sour. It is recommended to planti it in autumn, although it is possible to plant trees in spring.
Varieties: Li, Lang, Sjemenjak.
Persimmon is an exotic fruit with a sweet taste similar to an apricot. It looks like a tomato. It comes from China and Japan. The deciduous persimmon tree can grow up to 12 meters, but it needs moist soil and lots of sunlight. The fruit of the persimmon is about 10 cm wide and orange or red in color.
It needs a location protected from the wind and irrigation. It is planted in winter and early spring. Pruning is done several times during the year, in winter in January and February, and in April/May, after flowering, in early August. To plant a kiwi 3 female kiwi varieties and one male variety as a pollinator are needed.
The apple bears fruit from early summer until winter. It requires an average air temperature in the vegetation of 14 – 19 °C. It tolerates very low air temperatures from -25 to -28 °C without serious consequences. Moderate relative air humidity of up to 60% and mild air currents in times of increased air humidity or strong summer heat favor it. It is harmed by warm and dry winds at the time of fertilization. It is sensitive to hail at any time of the growing season. Apples require deep soil, sandy-clay composition with enough humus.
Pear is a tree that grows up to 12 m in height, thus forming a large and dense canopy. Its buds are covered with reddish-brown to dark-brown scales. The leaves are simple, round. It requires deeper, well-drained, slightly sandy, loamy or loamy-sandy soils.
Cherry is a deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m in height, forming a strong and spreading canopy. Its shoots are reddish brown, the leaves are simple and elliptical, 7-14 cm long, and the flowers are white. It grows quickly and tolerates low temperatures in winter.
The sour cherry has a smaller canopy than the cherry and mostly grows as a bushy tree up to 6 m tall. Permeable, warm and deep soils, sandy loams and loamy and loamy clay soils suit it. It is planted in autumn and blooms in April. The fruits are light or dark red in color and have a sweet or sour taste. The fruits are harvested in June.